Tuesday, June 25, 2013


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  1. Affirming the consequent

    From Wikipedia

    Affirming the consequent, sometimes called converse error or fallacy of the converse, is a formal fallacy of inferring the converse from the original statement. The corresponding argument has the general form:
    1.If P, then Q.
    3.Therefore, P.

    An argument of this form is invalid, i.e., the conclusion can be false even when statements 1 and 2 are true. Since P was never asserted as the only sufficient condition for Q, other factors could account for Q (while P was false).[1]

    To put it differently, if P implies Q, the only inference that can be made is non-Q implies non-P. (Non-P and non-Q designate the opposite propositions to P and Q.) Symbolically:

    (P ⇒ Q) ⇔ (non-Q ⇒ non-P)

    The name affirming the consequent derives from the premise Q, which affirms the “then” clause of the conditional premise.


    One way to demonstrate the invalidity of this argument form is with a counterexample with true premises but an obviously false conclusion. For example:
    If Bill Gates owns Fort Knox, then he is rich. Bill Gates is rich. Therefore, Bill Gates owns Fort Knox.
    Owning Fort Knox is not the only way to be rich. Any number of other ways exist to be rich.

    However, one can affirm with certainty that “if Bill Gates is not rich” (non-Q) then “Bill Gates does not own Fort Knox” (non-P).

    Arguments of the same form can sometimes seem superficially convincing, as in the following example:
    If I have the flu, then I have a sore throat. I have a sore throat. Therefore, I have the flu.
    But having the flu is not the only cause of a sore throat since many illnesses cause sore throat, such as the common cold or strep throat.

  2. I didn’t watch my buddies die face down in the mud so that I could spend 10 mins reading that, Walter.

    Although actually I did and it was quite interesting.

  3. And it took 10 minutes?

  4. Paranoid Android72

    So what if I shove a cucumber up my arse?

    Eh? EH?

  5. ^ That’s 98% enema right there.

  6. 98% fag.

  7. Paranoid Android72

    Is the remaining 2% Jesus? Wine for everybody.

  8. #1
    Sadly you are wrong. Not that the whole p=q doesn’t logically make q=p thing, that’s standard logic. However since Jesus never existed in the first place and is a fictional character then one can logically concur that theses guys are just making things up for fun thus logic has no place here, you fuckwit.

  9. My gran always told me to mind my p’s and q’s.

  10. #4, That’s 98% organic

  11. ^ Either way, it’s a shitty cucumber.

  12. like Henry implied I am stunned that someone can make ($)7863 in four weeks on the computer. did you see this site link.. can99.ℂ­om

  13. @8

    “one can logically concur that… logic has no place here…”

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